Universal Principles of Art: 100 Key Concepts for Understanding, Analyzing, and Practicing Art
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
A follow-up to Rockport Publishers' best-selling Universal Principles of Design, a new volume will present one hundred principles, fundamental ideas and approaches to making art, that will guide, challenge and inspire any artist to make better, more focused art.Universal Principles of Art serves as a wealth of prompts, hints, insights and roadmaps that will open a world of possibilities and provide invaluable keys to both understanding art works and generating new ones. Respected artist John A. Parks will explore principles that involve both techniques and concepts in art-making, covering everything from the idea of beauty to glazing techniques to geometric ideas in composition to minimalist ideology. Techniques are simple, direct and easily followed by any artist at any level. This incredibly detailed reference book is the standard for artists, historians, educators, professionals and students who seek to broaden and improve their art expertise.
powerful role in the composition. i Spiral Arranging elements around a spiral is an excellent way of securing controlled movement in a composition. Théodore Géricault (1791–1824) The Charging Chasseur, 1812, Oil on canvas, 137 × 105 in (348 × 266.7 cm) Édouard Manet (1832–83) Olympia, 1863, Oil on canvas, 511/8 x 74 7/8 in (130 x 190 cm) Geometric. Manet organizes his composition as a powerful twodimensional design of interlocking dark and light shapes. The viewer’s eye is drawn swiftly to
07-AC71035 #175 Dtp:LY Page:61 7/15/14 10:42 AM 6/26/14 11:59 AM 27 DISTORTION BENDING, TWISTING, STRETCHING, AND PULLING Distorting a form, a ﬁgure, or a face is one of the most dramatic and powerful statements an artist can make. Many approaches are possible. i Facial distortion In much tribal art, images of the human head are subject to gross distortions. Eyes are often fantastically large, while teeth or noses may be prominent or nonexistent. The effect can be deeply disturbing, even
6/26/14 11:59 AM (Text) (F39)Job:06-41339 Title:RP-Universal Principles of Art #175 Dtp:LY Page:98 Art 98 1 KINETIC ART | 99 052-101_41339.indd 99 052-101_41339.indd 99 (Text) (F39)Job:06-41339 Title:RP-Universal Principles of Art #175 Dtp:LY Page:99 6/26/14 12:01 PM 6/26/14 11:59 AM 46 LAND ART TRANSFORMING THE GREAT OUTDOORS Site-speciﬁc outdoor art is generally known as land art. Although humans have made outdoor constructions since prehistoric times, often for religious
top. This is pressed onto the surface either with a barren or by running it through a press. Woodblock and linocut are relief techniques. i Intaglio The artist makes a cut into the surface of a metal plate. Mezzotint. The artist prepares the surface with a tool that makes thousands of tiny holes. These hold the ink to make a rich dark tone. The artist makes the image by burnishing into this prepared surface. The more he ﬂattens it, the less ink it will hold and the lighter it will print. i
of nested squares over hundreds of pictures in which a plethora of color ideas were explored. i Formal minimalism The presentation of a single shape became a hallmark of some minimalist work. Here, the completeness of a single shape, the idea that it is simply a single thought, no more and no less, gives such work an intriguing authority. The work of the American painter Ellsworth Kelly (1923–) is a prime example. i Decorative The ability of ﬂat shape to provide pleasing and engaging decorative