Surrealism: The Road to the Absolute

Surrealism: The Road to the Absolute

Language: English

Pages: 270

ISBN: 0226035603

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

First published in 1959, Surrealism remains the most readable introduction to the French surrealist poets Apollinaire, Breton, Aragon, Eluard, and Reverdy. Providing a much-needed overview of the movement, Balakian places the surrealists in the context of early twentieth-century Paris and describes their reactions to symbolist poetry, World War I, and developments in science and industry, psychology, philosophy, and painting. Her coherent history of the movement is enhanced by her firsthand knowledge of the intellectual climate in which some of these poets worked and her interviews with Reverdy and Breton. In a new introduction, Balakian discusses the influence of surrealism on contemporary poetry.

This volume includes photographs of the poets and reproductions of paintings by Ernst, Dali, Tanguy, and others.

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growing wider and wider. Art, after a shortlived alliance with positivism, had soon protested, revolted, taken refuge in the dream, unsus- pecting that soon science was to claim the dream its legitimate domains of investigation. Science itself as seemed to one of be the destroyer of the marvelous and the mysterious. The resentment was not untouched by a certain amount of jealousy on the part of the artist in regard to the strides This conflict is Poete Assassine (1916).

friend, Croniamental : 83 apollinaire and Vesprit nouveau cognizant of the hard times through which poets are passing, manages statue art to build made and him a statue, an extraordinary one, "a profound of nothing," ironically symbolic of the emptiness of glory, also indicating that the true quality of the poet is indistinguishable to ordinary eyes. Although art in Le Poete Assassine the conflict ends in tragedy and defeat for the in his own life artist in the artist,

Mediterranean cities. away from it, it none of the colorful atmosphere of vegetation or the picturesqueness of Mediterranean villas. It is somber and squalid, a worker's town, lacking the glitter of most coastal cities. The There is monotony of its houses and streets is depressing. Others of Reverdy 's meridional colleagues came north and settled in Paris. Reverdy 's stay in the capital, which for so many other writers became the city of enchantments, was of short duration. He could not

universal art and the of a similar attitude shared one best capable of representing the successive positions of It life. might appear that the two influences pointed out here were opposing directions: one toward greater subjectivity, the other toward a keener comprehension of the object of man's awareness. Yet there is a basic affinity in the kind of impact they had. Faced in \A 138 the road with a world of paradoxes, the surreaUsts were primarily seeking an answer to their longing for

character of things viewed by the artist in conjunction with the on "Art and Technology" by Nilo for May, 1969, which describes the technician. In an article Lindgren in IEEE Spectrum efforts by artists and engineers significant statement to collaborate, there is a very by John Cage that reveals the meanings: "Tried conversation (engineers and didn't work. ent primacy of new Found it over words today, and of objects giving words objects At the attitudes last toward

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