Manners, Customs, and Dress during the Middle Ages and during the Renaissance Period
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As articulated in the Preface: “Art must be the faithful expression of a society, since it represents it by its works as it has created them . . . But it must be acknowledged that art is only the consequence of the ideas which is expresses; it is the fruit of civilization, not its origin.” This exploration of a cultural movement and the arts and behaviors of its people extends through chapters on the condition of persons and lands; privileges and rights; food and cookery; games and pastimes; commerce; taxes, money, and finance; secret tribunals; punishments; costumes; and more. Within these pages, experience the social and artistic revolution born through the Renaissance and told by a renowned historian of the period.
maladministration of the treasurers, the generals, the excisemen, the receivers of royal dues, and of all those who took part in the direction of the finances; though they nevertheless voted the taxes, and promulgated most severe regulations with respect to their collection. To meet emergencies, which were now becoming chronic, extraordinary taxes were established, the nonpayment of which involved the immediate imprisonment of the defaulter; and the debasement of the coinage, and the alienation
sovereign with two horse-loads of produce annually, so as to keep up the old system of .fines. This system of rents and dues of all kinds was so much the basis of social organization in the Middle Ages, that it sometimes happened that the lower orders benefited by it. Thus the bed of the Bishop of Paris belonged, after his death, to the poor invalids of the Hotel Dieu. The canons were also bound to leave theirs to that hospital, as an atonement for the sins which they had committed. The Bishops
Fourteenth Century Hostelry, Interior of an, Sixteenth Century Hôtel des Ursins, Paris, Fourteenth Century Hunting-meal Imperial Procession Infant Richard, The, crucified by the Jews at Pontoise Irmensul and Crodon, Idols of the Ancient Saxons Iron Cage Issue de Table, The Italian Beggar Italian Jew, Fourteenth Century Italian Kitchen, Interior of Italian Nobleman, Fifteenth Century Jacques Oœur, Amende honorable of, before Charles VII Jacques Oœur, House of, at Bourges Jean
of the King Chilpéric Seal of the United Trades of Ghent, Fifteenth Century Seat of Justice held by Philippe de Valois Secret Tribunal, Execution of the Sentences of the Sémur, Tower of the Castle of Serf or Vassal, Tenth Century Serjeants-at-Arms, Fourteenth Century Shepherds celebrating the Birth of the Messiah Shoemaker Shops under Covered Market, Fifteenth Century Shout and blow Horns, How to .. Simon, Martyrdom of, at Trent Slaves or Serfs, Sixth to Twelfth Century Somersaults
origin of the ancient Gallic proverb “Après la pansé vient la danse” (“After the feast comes the dance”). Sometimes a minstrel sang songs to the accompaniment of the harp, and the young ladies danced in couples and repeated at intervals the minstrel’s songs Sometimes the torch-dance was performed; in this each performer bore in his hand a long lighted taper and endeavoured to prevent his neighbours from blowing it out which each one tried to do if possible (Fig. 184). This dance which was in use