How to See, How to Draw: Keys to Realistic Drawing
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Imagine having the ability to draw any subject with precision, detail and expression. With Claudia's help, you can do it! In How to See, How to Draw, you will discover how to tap into your powers of observation, strengthen your hand-eye connection, and draw the world around you with new skill and accuracy. Just take it one step at a time.
Claudia is an expert teacher, breaking down complex compositions into a series of achievable shapes and values that even beginners will understand. Through dozens of mini demonstrations, fun-to-do exercises and complete step-by-step instruction, you'll learn everything from basic drawing techniques to more challenging methods for rendering wonderfully rich, in-depth compositions.
Her visual instruction details how to:
- Use a variety of drawing tools to suit your style and artistic intent
- Learn to let go of preconceived ideas so you can observe lines, shapes and spatial relationships as they actually are
- Create strong compositions through comparison and proportional control
- Find, fix and avoid common mistakes by using simple grids and guide lines
- Understand and work with perspective to create the illusion of depth
- Reveal form through light and shadow
- Explore the potential of texture to create mood and movement
Claudia's drawings illuminate a range of subjects, including portraits, landscapes, animals and still life. You can practice using her reference photos and drawings, or you can apply her exercises to your own subjects.
Start today, Claudia's way! Following her masterful guidance, you'll see the world through new eyes and draw better than you ever have before.
the drawing surface. Group them together or remove one. Eliminate objects that are in opposition to the theme, mood or timeframe of the drawing. Example: A modern car parked in front of a Victorian house. Avoid strong lines that exit out of the scene, like straight, uninterrupted tree trunks. They will pull the viewer's eye right out of your drawing. Soften them, shorten them, block them with other lines or remove them if they serve no purpose. Trim the clutter. Too many little,
lines running in different directions. The dotted lines represent sets of parallel lines extended to their vanishing points on the horizon. Note that you can't see the true foundation of the outhouse because it's hidden behind the hill. FINDING THE EYE LEVEL IN PHOTOS When working from reference photographs it can often be a challenge to determine where the photographer's eye level was as the picture was taken. You may have a little leeway when drawing landscape scenes as the horizon is
corners of the barn and the outer edges of the silo that touch the ground, including the hidden corner (Figure 2, above). A line should also be dropped to the ground from each of the highest positions in each structure (A, B and C) and the overhanging eave (D). Shadow direction lines are also drawn from those points. All of the shadow direction lines should run parallel to the light direction arrow and to each other. When light comes from directly behind the structures, the shadow lines run
resulting from man-made light sources, whether from light bulbs or firelight, move away from the light in all directions, radiating outward from the objects that cast them. This is because man-made light is so close to the objects it affects, compared to the great distance of the sun from the Earth. Plotting the shadows resulting from man-made light sources is similar to plotting sun-cast shadows (described), with one major exception. Dots are used to represent the light direction (LD) and light
box shaped windows. If there is a chimney, it will probably be sticking out of the roof at an angle. This doesn't mean that the child sees the house in this manner; it simply means that symbols are safer and easier to put down on paper than reality. It's encouraging to know that even young children can be taught to be observant. As they develop their observation skills, they begin to transfer what they see into their art, replacing symbolic representation. Overcoming preconceived ideas is an